INS Chakra:- India’s Nuclear Power Underwater Attack Submarine

It is Akula Class Submarine, highly regarded in US Naval Circles for its stealth in the water. INS Chakra is more of a Shark in Underwater.INS Chakra was taken on lease in a deal worth $900 million for 10 years.

It is Akula Class Submarine, highly regarded in US Naval Circles for its stealth in the water. INS Chakra is more of a Shark in Underwater.

There are two type of Nuclear powered submarine Submersible Ship Ballistic Missile Nuclear – SSBN and Submersible Ship Nuclear – SSN,based on one’s attack capability,

The SSBN is solely used in strategic attacks. On a regular basis, the submarine goes into the waters and takes an undetected position in state of a nuclear attack. Usually, two crew members are placed in the operation of the submarine, where one member takes it into the waters and the other member is situated at the ports.

It is considered to be the ‘killer’ in the submarine world. It does go under water for a long period of time i.e. nearly half a year. During its time in the sea, the submarine avoids all contact and being detected by any other submarines or surface ships.

The ballistic missile submarines differ in their purpose to attack other submarines and cruise missile submarines. They specialize in combat with other naval vessels, which include enemy submarines and merchant shipping. They are also designed to attack large warships and tactical targets on land. The primary mission of the ballistic missile is nuclear detection and the mission profile of this submarine is to remain undetected. They are designed for stealth, many use sound-reducing design features, to have propulsion systems, and have machinery mounted on the vibration damping mounts.

The SSN are designed to track down and defeat both, the SSBN and the enemy aggression. They can also very easily detect any surface warheads with the help of the cruise missiles. These submarines also are used in the attack of particular targets on land by the launch of the fast missiles by use of the torpedo tubes.

Unlike conventional submarines that India operates which need to surface to charge their batteries often – sometimes as frequently as 24 hours-INS Chakra can stay under water as long as it wants.Its ability to stay underwater is restrained only by human endurance to Stay Underwater. INS Chakra has been taken on lease from Russia for 10 years and would provide the Navy the opportunity to train personnel and operate such nuclear-powered vessels.

The Akula Class submarine will carry conventional weapons. The vessel is armed with four 533mm torpedo tubes and four 650mm torpedo tubes. It will be used to hunt and kill enemy ships.

The INS Chakra displaces about 10,000 tons. It can do over 30 knots – more than twice the speed of conventional submarines. It can go upto a depth of 600 metres.INS Chakra is the largest submarine in the Indian navy followed by INS Arihant which displaces around 6,000 tons.

INS Chakra is one of the quietest nuclear submarines around, with noise levels next to zero.

The Submarine has about 80 crew members on board with 31 officers.The en tire crew of INS Chakra has been trained in Russia for over a year.Crew are provided with many facilities which include a large recreation area,a gymnasium and a sauna as well.

The INS Chakra is powered by 190 MW OK-650M pressurized water nuclear reactor, steam turbine with 43,000 hp,2 auxiliary electric engines capable of producing 410 hp each and 2 auxiliary diesel engines capable of producing 750 hp each.It has endurance of 100 days.

The Akula Class submarine will carry conventional weapons. The vessel is armed with four 533mm torpedo tubes and fourx650mm torpedo tubes.The submarine has capable og storing up to 40 more torpedoes/mines/missiles which includes  the Klub-S family of tactical missiles – 3M14E land-attack cruise missile, 3M-54E anti-ship, and 91RE1 anti-submarine variants.It will be used to hunt and kill enemy ships.

 The induction of a nuclear powered submarine indicated that India is pretty serious on the issue of Indian Ocean Region. Indian Ocean Region faces continuous Chinese presence, India stood vigil with support of Chakra against any odd.Induction of INS Chakra boosted navy’s strength and operational capabilities, it also gave a strong message to the countries like Indonesia, Vietnam and Malaysia which want India to play a more active role in the region to stand against Chinese aggression.

INS Chakra is a nuclear submarine, nuclear submarine doesn’t have to come to surface after every few days to charge its battery. INS Chakra can stay underwater for 100 days.

The post INS Chakra:- India’s Nuclear Power Underwater Attack Submarine appeared first on Indian Defence Update.



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